|In this second edition of a Carus Monograph Classic, Steven G. Krantz, a leading worker in complex analysis and a winner of the Chauvenet Prize for outstanding mathematical exposition, develops material on classical non-Euclidean geometry. He shows how it can be developed in a natural way from the invariant geometry of the complex disk. He also introduces the Bergmann kernel and metric and provides profound applications, some of which have never appeared in print before. In general, the new edition represents a considerable polishing and re-thinking of the original successful volume. A minimum of geometric formalism is used to gain a maximum of geometric and analytic insight. The climax of the book is an introduction to several complex variables from the geometric viewpoint. Poincaré's theorem, that the ball and bidisc are biholomorphically inequivalent, is discussed and proved.